The aim of plant breeding is to develop varieties that produce higher yields, are more resistant to adverse environmental conditions, or have a higher nutritional value. Genetic engineering or plant biotechnology, on the other hand, is an extension of this process and more specific. It allows plant breeders to select a single gene for a single characteristic and transfer that stretch of DNA from one organism to another - even between different species. In order to genetically modify an organism (GMO), the desired DNA sequence has to be inserted into its native genetic material.
Governments, scientists and companies around the world are dealing with regulation, research and production of GMOs. But depending on the political, social, scientific and economic situation, regions are responding in different ways; GMO-Forum will inform accordingly.